Adoption & Surrogacy

by | Mar 12, 2024

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Adoption & Surrogacy<br />

The laws in Australia with respect to surrogacy vary between the States and Territories. Anyone considering surrogacy as an option should obtain legal advice from a specialist family lawyer about entering into a surrogacy arrangement, the legal issues relating to surrogacy, and the process they will need to follow once the child is born so as to be recognised as a parent.

Surrogacy arrangements generally fall within two broad categories:

Commercial surrogacy arrangements

A commercial surrogacy arrangement involves a birth mother (surrogate mother) being paid for her services by the non-birth parents, beyond being paid the reasonable costs of the surrogacy. 

In NSW, the Surrogacy Act NSW 2010, makes it a criminal offence for any NSW resident to enter into a commercial surrogacy arrangement locally or internationally. Commercial surrogacy is prohibited throughout Australia.

Altruistic surrogacy arrangements

These arrangements involve a surrogate mother who has agreed to the arrangement out of her own goodwill, without being paid for her services.  

In NSW, parties to an altruistic surrogacy arrangement must enter into a Surrogacy Agreement before the conception of the child.

After the birth of the child, the intended parents can apply to the Court for a parentage order. Such an order transfers the parental rights from the surrogate to the intended parents. There are various requirements which must be satisfied in order for a parentage order to be made, such as the parties to the arrangement must have obtained counselling and legal advice regarding the Surrogacy Agreement.

Put an expert on your side

Anyone considering adoption or surrogacy should obtain legal advice from a specialist family lawyer.

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